Needles and Spoons

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Abuse, National Institute on Drug. “How Many People Abuse Prescription Drugs?” NIDA, NIH, http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/prescription-drugs/trends-in-prescription-drug-abuse/how-many-people-abuse-prescription-drugs. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Abuse, National Institute on Drug. “Prescription Opioid Use Is a Risk Factor for Heroin Use.” NIDA, NIH, 2016, http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/relationship-between-prescription-drug-heroin-abuse/prescription-opioid-use-risk-factor-heroin-use. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Abuse, National Institute on Drug. “What Are the Treatments for Heroin Addiction?” NIDA, NIH, Nov. 2014, http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/what-are-treatments-heroin-addiction. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Abuse, National Institute on Drug. “What to Do If Your Adult Friend or Loved One Has a Problem with Drugs.” NIDA, NIH, 19 Jan. 2016, http://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/treatment/what-to-do-if-your-adult-friend-or-loved-one-has-problem-drugs. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Addictions.com. “The Role of Pharmaceutical Companies in the Opioid Epidemic.” Addictions, Addictions.com, http://www.addictions.com/opiate/the-role-of-pharmaceutical-companies-in-the-opioid-epidemic/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
American Physical Therapy Association. “Physical Therapy vs Opioids: When to Choose Physical Therapy for Pain Management.” American Physical Therapy Association, Move Foreward, 15 June 2016, http://www.moveforwardpt.com/Resources/Detail/physical-therapy-vs-opioids-when-to-choose-physica. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Anson, Pat. “Chronic Pain Patients Discovering Alternative to Opioids.” Pain News Network, Pain News Network, 6 May 2016, http://www.painnewsnetwork.org/stories/2016/5/5/pain-patients-turning-to-kratom. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017
 
Dinker, Bill. “5 Tips for Family and Friends of an Opiate Addict.” 5 Tips for Family and Friends of an Opiate Addict | Discovery Place, Discovery Place, 2015, http://www.discoveryplace.info/5-tips-family-and-friends-opiate-addict. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
DNewsChannel. “Alcohol, Caffeine, & Opioids: What Happens When You’Re Hooked?” YouTube, YouTube, 20 Feb. 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GKpAZgrMTC8. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Drug Abuse. “Opiate Alternatives: Doctor’s Got a Brand New Bag.” DrugAbuse.com, DrugAbuse.com, 25 Feb. 2016, drugabuse.com/opiate-alternatives-doctors-got-a-brand-new-bag/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Drug-Free World. “Watch Truth About Drugs Documentary Video & Learn About Substance Addiction. Get The Facts About Painkillers, Marijuana, Cocaine, Meth & Other Illegal Drugs.” Foundation for a Drug-Free World, Drug-Free World, 12 Feb. 2017, http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/painkillers/what-are-painkillers.html. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
FoxNewsChannel. “New Statute Charges Sellers of Deadly Opioids.” YouTube, YouTube, 24 Apr. 2017, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fm2BIAulxoU. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Healthcare Triage. “The Science of Opioids.” YouTube, YouTube, 9 May 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AqDo4LiKz-c. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Join Together Staff. “Sky-High Prices for Prescription Opioids Sold on Street.” Partnership for Drug-Free Kids – Where Families Find Answers, Together Staff, 11 June 2011, drugfree.org/learn/drug-and-alcohol-news/sky-high-prices-for-prescription-opioids-sold-on-street/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Khosla, N, et al. “Correlates of Non-Medical Prescription Drug Use among a Cohort of Injection Drug Users in Baltimore City.” Addictive Behaviors., U.S. National Library of Medicine, Dec. 2011, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21868170. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Last Week Tonight. “Opioids: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO).” YouTube, YouTube, 23 Oct. 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5pdPrQFjo2o. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
LimaOhio.com. “Path to Heroin: It Started with Chronic Pain.” The Lima News, LimaOhio.com, 21 June 2016, limaohio.com/news/186680/path-to-heroin-it-started-with-chronic-pain. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Laurie, Julia. “How Pharma Reps Used Doughnuts to Sell Addictive Painkillers.” Mother Jones, Mother Jones, 23 Sept. 2016, http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/09/oxycontin-opioids-abbott-laboratories-purdue-pharma-sales. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Mars, S G, et al. “‘Every ‘Never’ I Ever Said Came True’: Transitions from Opioid Pills to Heroin Injecting.” The International Journal on Drug Policy., U.S. National Library of Medicine, Mar. 2014, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24238956. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
MTV. “’Prescription for Change: Ending America’s Opioid Crisis’ | MTV.” YouTube, YouTube, 11 Oct. 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2QePuumO31o&t=751s. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
National Pain Report. “Johnson & Johnson Investigated for Marketing of Pain Meds.” National Pain Report, National Pain Report, 15 Nov. 2013, nationalpainreport.com/johnson-johnson-investigated-marketing-pain-meds-8822390.html. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
National Safety Council. “NSC Poll: 99% of Doctors Prescribe Highly-Addictive Opioids Longer than CDC Recommends – NSC News Releases.” National Safety Council, NCS, 24 Mar. 2016, http://www.nsc.org/Connect/NSCNewsReleases/Lists/Posts/Post.aspx?ID=108. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Physicaltherapyvideo. “9 Signs Someone You Love Is Addicted to Opioids (Pain Medications).” YouTube, YouTube, 12 July 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NPPbkQbp5-0. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Porter, Steven. “City Sues OxyContin Maker: Could It Help Curb Opioid Crisis?” The Christian Science Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor, 22 Jan. 2017, http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2017/0122/City-sues-OxyContin-maker-Could-it-help-curb-opioid-crisis. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Press, The Associated. “Washington City Sues Drugmaker for Letting OxyContin Flood Black Market.” OregonLive.com, The Associated Press, 14 Mar. 2017, http://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-northwest-news/index.ssf/2017/03/washington_city_sues_drugmaker.html. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
Richard Gunderman Chancellor’s Professor of Medicine, Liberal Arts, and Philanthropy, Indiana University. “Oxycontin: How Purdue Pharma Helped Spark the Opioid Epidemic.” The Conversation, The Conversation, 10 Apr. 2017, theconversation.com/oxycontin-how-purdue-pharma-helped-spark-the-opioid-epidemic-57331. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
RyanLewisProductions. “MACKLEMORE – DRUG DEALER (FEAT. ARIANA DEBOO) OFFICIAL MUSIC VIDEO.” YouTube, YouTube, 25 Oct. 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYN14UfO-Uc. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
The National Academic Press. “Read ‘Marijuana As Medicine?: The Science Beyond the Controversy’ at NAP.edu.” National Academies Press: OpenBook, The National Academic Press, 3 Jan. 2016, http://www.nap.edu/read/9586/chapter/6. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Teen Rehab Center. “Opioid Addiction in Teens: Signs, Risks & Treatment Options.” Teen Rehab Center, Teen Rehab Center, 24 Aug. 2016, http://www.teenrehabcenter.org/drugs/prescription-drugs/opioids/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
USATODAY. “Obama Enlists Macklemore to Fight Opioid Abuse.” YouTube, YouTube, 14 May 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nq79yoj-qXw. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Vice. “Fentanyl: The Drug Deadlier than Heroin.” YouTube, YouTube, 22 July 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=28rJqj-7pEY&t=2354s. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
“What Are the Virginia Laws on the Sale of Kratom?” Kratom Online – Buy Kratom Capsules, Powder & Extract, Krater Online, 10 Nov. 2015, kratomonline.org/kratom-virginia/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
 
Yahoo. “Star Athlete → Injury → Opioids → Addiction → Death.” Yahoo! News, Yahoo!, 28 Mar. 2017, sports.yahoo.com/news/star-athlete-%E2%86%92-injury-%E2%86%92-opioids-%E2%86%92-addiction-%E2%86%92-death-164328371.html. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.
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