The Injustices of the 13th Amendment

Work Cited

“13TH: A Conversation with Oprah Winfrey & Ava DuVernay.” Netflix Official Site, 26 Jan. 2017, http://www.netflix.com/watch/80169801?trackId=13752291&tctx=0%2C4%2C30113421. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

“13th Amendment Ratified.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/13th-amendment-ratified. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. vol. Revised edition with a new foreword by Cornel West, New Press, The, 2012. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cookie,url,cpid,uid&custid=s8863137&db=nlebk&AN=489643&site=eds-live&scope=site&authtype=ip,uid.

Beard, Rick. “The Birth of the 13th Amendment.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 8 Apr. 2014, opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/08/the-birth-of-the-13th-amendment/?_r=0. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Broussard, Brad. “Mass Incarceration: Transforming an Unconstitutional System.” Guild   Notes,      vol. 40, no. 4, Winter2015, p.12. EBSCOhost,search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cookie,url,cpid,uid&custid=s8863137&db=lgh&AN=112467013&site=eds-live&scope=site&authtype=ip,uid.

Buckley, Cara. “Ava DuVernay on Modern Slavery in America.” USA Today [New YorkCity], 5 Oct. 2016. USAToday.com, Liske, Jim. “Yep, slavery is still legal.”USAToday.UASToday.com,www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2014/08/14/slavery-legal-exception-prisoners-drugs-reform-column/14086227/. Accessed20 Mar. 2017. Originally published in USA Today, 14 Aug. 2014. Accessed 20 Mar. 2017.

Clear, Todd, et al. “Incarceration Matter.” Issues in Science & Technology, vol. 32, np. 2, Winter2016, p. 5. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cookie,cpid,uid&custid=s8863137=oih&AN=112076098&site=eds-live&scope=site&authtype=ip,uid.

Common . “Letter To The Free .” 2016.

Democracynow. “Advocates: The U.S. Still Profits from Slavery Because the 13th Amendment Perpetuates Prison Labor.” YouTube, YouTube, 3 Oct. 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lYIz9NOqRI0. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Djvlad. “Marc Lamont Hill: The 13th Amendment Abolishes Slavery, Except for Prisons.”YouTube, YouTube, 2 Sept. 2016, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P0U0XD3kLEQ. Accessed 28 Apr. 2017.

Drew (@OG_Drew_The_God) “What’s changed? The 13TH amendment didn’t free us. It just changed the language in which we would be saved.” 22 November 2016, 12:02 p.m. Tweet.

Duvernay, Ava, et al. 13TH. Kandoo Filma , 2016, http://www.netflix.com/watch/80091741?trackId=14170286&tctx=1%2C1%2Ce978eee6-efdc-46ea-8eb1-1244d4ebeecf-18905021. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Greene, Jamal. “The 13th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.” National Constitution Center – The 13th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitution/amendments/amendment-xiii/the-thirteenth-amendment-today-jamal-greene/interp/9. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. “Thirteenth Amendment.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/thirteenth-amendment. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Initiative, Prison Policy. “Tracking State Prison Growth in 50 States.” Tracking State Prison Growth in 50 States | Prison Policy Initiative, 28 May 2014, http://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/overtime.html?gclid=Cj0KEQjwioHIBRCes6nP56Ti1IsBEiQAxxb5G9x_rnhZThf1i7_lzgvg6vF7BSjBKlI1zG2zVV_yWWgaAgqC8P8HAQ. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

“Is Slave Labor Still Legal In America?” YouTube, YouTube, 28 Oct. 2015, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DlCXjcQgNJg. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Liske, Jim. “Yep, slavery is still legal.” USA Today. UASToday.com, http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2014/08/14/ slavery-legal-exception-prisoners-drugs-reform-column/14086227/. Accessed 20 Mar. 2017. Originally published in USA Today, 14 Aug. 2014.

Mobley, Joe A. “Lincoln and the Politics of Slavery: The Other Thirteenth Amendment and the Struggle to Save the Union.” North Carolina Historical Review, vol. 93, no 4, Oct. 2016, pp. 417-418. EBSCOhost search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cookie,url,cpid,uid&custid=s8863137&db=hih&AN=120681978&site=eds-live&scope=site&authtype=ip,uid

Nellis, Ashley. “The Color of Justice: Racial and Ethnic Disparity in State Prisons.” The Sentencing Project, The Sentencing Project, 14 June 2016, http://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/color-of-justice-racial-and-ethnic-disparity-in-state-prisons/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Samito, Christian G. Lincoln and the Thirteenth Amendment. Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, [2015], 2015. Concise Lincoln library. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cookie,url,cpid,uid&custid=s8863137&db=cat00024a&AN=vmc.b31111592&site=eds-live&scope=site&authtype=ip,uid.

Shepard, Rick (@RepRickShepard) “I’m still not sure if the wrong of the 13th amendment was merely flawed or strategic. #prisonreform” 18 January 2017, 2:46 p.m. Tweet.

“Slavery Did Not End in 1865.” YouTube, 17 Sept. 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IXwqVxY7R1g. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Songz, Trey (@TreySongz) “Systematic Slavery – (13th amendment – Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime…) created for us.” 26 September 2016, &:03 p.m. Tweet.

Songz, Trey (@TreySongz) “The 13th amendment which assured that 1 in 3 black males experience jail or prison by way of systematic oppression.” 1 February 2017, 7:27 p.m. Tweet.

“The President Commemorates the 150th Anniversary of the 13th Amendment.” YouTube, YouTube, 9 Dec. 2015, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UEzOaWI5NDk. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Williams , Chris. “Van Jones on Mass Incarceration, Black Lives Matter, and Ava DuVernay’s ‘The 13th’.” EBONY, 10 Oct. 2016, http://www.ebony.com/entertainment-culture/van-jones-13th-film#axzz4fLKiuda9. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

Wills, Matthew. “THE MODERN HISTORY OF SLAVERY.” Daily JSTOR , ITHAKA, 8 Dec. 2014, daily.jstor.org/modern-history-slavery/. Accessed 27 Apr. 2017.

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