Use of Animal Trials for Biomedical Research

Find out more about how and why animal trials are used by considering the information below:


Work cited

“About Animal Testing.” Humane Society International, Accessed 20 Apr. 2017.

“Alternatives to Animal Testing.” PETA, Accessed 1 Apr. 2017.

“Animal Testing Is Bad Science: Point/Counterpoint.” PETA, Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.

“Animal Testing Alternatives Medical Course.” YouTube, Abiezer Abigail, 18 Dec. 2013, Accessed 16 Apr. 2017.

“Background of the Issue – Animal Testing – ProCon.Org.” Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing?, 24 May 2016, Accessed 1 Apr. 2017.

Cantor, David, and Edmund Ramsden. Stress, shock, and adaptation in the twentieth century. Rochester, NY, University of Rochester Press, 2014.

“Handling and Restraint of the Animal.” Procedures with care, Newcastle University, 2017, Accessed 15 Apr. 2017.

Harris, Richard. “Drugs That Work in Mice Often Fail When Tried in People.” NPR, NPR, 10 Apr. 2017, Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.

“How Animal Testing Works.” 6 Sept. 2016, Accessed 16 Mar. 2017.

John G. Vandenbergh. “Use of House Mice in Biomedical Research.” ILAR Journal vol. 41, no. 3, 2000, pp. 133-135. doi: 10.1093/ilar.41.3.133. Accessed 6 March 2017.

Liou, Stephanie. “Animal Research: The Ethics of Animal Experimentation.” HOPES, 6 July 2010, Accessed 3 Apr. 2017.

Melina, Remy. “Why Do Medical Researchers Use Mice?” LiveScience, Purch, 16 Nov. 2010, Accessed 7 Apr. 2017.

Monaco, Gianni, et al. “A Comparison of Human and Mouse Gene Co-Expression Networks Reveals Conservation and Divergence at the Tissue, Pathway and Disease Levels.” BMC Evolutionary Biology, vol. 15, 20 Nov. 2015, pp. 1-14. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s12862-015-0534-7.

“NC3Rs.” A strategy for improving animal welfare and quality of science | NC3Rs, 22 Mar. 2017, Accessed 30 Mar. 2

“NC3Rs.” Results of mouse studies substantially affected by the way the animals are handled | NC3Rs, 21 Mar. 2017, Accessed 6 Apr. 2017.

Officialpeta. “Who Cares About Mice and Rats?” YouTube, YouTube, 1 Oct. 2014, Accessed 30 Mar. 2017.

PETA (peta). “Mice in labs are shocked, burned, mutilated, & given diseases. These tests are ineffective and NEED to end. Join us! .”15 April 2017, 7:00 PM. Tweet.

PETA (peta). “New research finds experiments on mice don’t help humans! @NPR reports on scientists’ findings:  #StopAnimalTests.” 14 April 2017, 6:06 PM. Tweet.

PETA2 (peta2). “PETA successfully STOPPED this cruel study. RT if you want to help end ALL experiments on animals!” 12 April 2017, 7:09 AM. Tweet.

“Research – Understanding dementia research – Clinical trials – Phases of clinical trials.” Alzheimer Europe, 21 Aug. 2009, Accessed 10 Apr. 2017.

Scishow. “The curious history of mice.” YouTube, YouTube, 22 Aug. 2013, Accessed 14 Apr. 2017.

TheJacksonlab. “What is a mouse model?” YouTube, YouTube, 15 Feb. 2017, Accessed 30 Mar. 2017.

Vandamme, Thierry F. “Use of Rodents as Models of Human Diseases.” Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences vol. 6, no. 1, 2014, pp. 2–9. PMC.;year=2014;volume=6;issue=1;spage=2;epage=9;aulast=Vandamme. Accessed 17 Mar. 2017.

VocativVideo. “Junk Science: Mouse Trials Are Meaningless.” YouTube, YouTube, 24 June 2015, Accessed 30 Mar. 2017.

Zaidi, H. Molecular imaging of small animals: Instrumentation and applications. Springer New York, 2014.


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