Racism via Mass Incarceration

By: Laura Ruple

 

Works Cited

Alexander, Michelle. The new Jim Crow. New Press, 2012.

Bowman, Scott. Color Behind Bars: Racism in the U.S. Prison

System.Praeger, 2014.

Brewer, Rose. Heitzeg, Nancy. “The Racialization of Crime and

Punishment.” American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 51, no. 5, Jan. 2008, 625-644.

Cash, Johnny. The Man Comes Around. 2002, American

Recordings. 

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. “The Black Family in the Age of

MassIncarceration.The Atlantic, Oct. 1, 2015,60-83.

Common. Letter to the Free. 2016, ARTium Recordings.

Davis, Angela. “Masked Racism: Reflections on the Prison

Industrial Complex.” History Is A Weapon,http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/davisprison.html. Accessed March 15, 2017.

Davis, Angela. Angela Davis. Ichimarusan378, 18 Dec. 2011, 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2BIZy0HScM. Accessed 17 April 2017.

DuVernay, Ava. Pusha T & Ava DuVernay Discuss the Importance of

‘13th’ Documentary. Complex, 18 Oct. 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVT3BVZ8nno. Accessed 23 April 2017.

DuVernay, Ava. From Slavery to Mass Incarceration, Ava

DuVernay’s Film “13th” Examines Racist U.S. Justice System. Democracy Now!, 3 Oct. 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0CK7f8A4tPU&t=673s. Accessed 23 April 2017.

Frykholm, Amy. “Michelle Alexander on racism and

incarceration.Christian Century, 16 May 2012, 22-26.

Graff, Gilda. “Redesigning Racial Caste in America via Mass

Incarceration.Journal of Psychohistory, vol. 43, no. 2, October, 2015, pp. 120-133.

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Vlogbrothers, 30 Dec. 2014, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GQdMgtncpoE&t=93s. Accessed 17 April 2017.

Katz, Rebecca. “Economic Inequality, Racism and Trauma:

Growing Up in Racist Combat Zones and Living in Racist Prisons.Journal of Pan African Studies, vol. 7, no. 6, November 2014, pp. 25-59.

Macarow, Aron. “Our Prison System Is Even More Racist Than

You Think.ATTN, ATTN, 31 Aug. 2015, http://www.attn.com/stories/2419/racism-in-american-criminal-justice-system. Accessed 10 April 2017.

Nowachek, Matthew. “Why robots Can’t Become Racist, and

Why Humans Can.PhaenEx: Journal of Existential and Phenomenological Theory and Culture, vol. 9, no.1, pp. 57-88.

@Oprah (Oprah Winfrey). “I believe this movie “13th”

@netflix will have a huge impact. You can’t watch it and then pretend you didn’t. Once you know. You KNOW!” Twitter, 8 Oct. 2016, 8:54 p.m., https://twitter.com/Oprah/status/784965112733966336.

@POTUS44 (Barack Obama). “Mass incarceration doesn’t

work. Let’s build communities that give kids a shot at success and prisons that prepare people for a 2nd chance.” Twitter, 14 Jul. 2015, 3:47 p.m., https://twitter.com/POTUS44/status/621088588583800832.

Quigley, Bill. “18 Examples of Racism in the Criminal Justice

System.Alternet, 4 Oct. 2016, http://www.alternet.org/human-rights/racism-criminal-justice-system. Accessed 10 April 2017.

@realDonaldTrump (Donald Trump). “Our great African

American President hasn’t exactly had a positive impact on the thugs who are so happily and openly destroying Baltimore!” Twitter, 28 Apr. 2015, 12:38 a.m., https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/592910662424223744?lang=en.

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Prisons.The New York Times, Dec. 6, 2016, https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/06/opinion/the-stain-of-racism-in-new-yorks-prisons.html. Accessed March 15, 2017.

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Winfrey, Oprah. Oprah Winfrey and Ava DuVernay are discussing

the original Netflix documentary 13TH! Hollywood Stars, 21 Nov. 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e_Y84BIHdHw&t=220s. Accessed 10 April 2017.

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