How Music Effect Athletes Prior to an Athletic Performance

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It is known that music soothes anxiety and reduces pain. Music helps reduce pain by activating sensory paths that compete with pain pathways, which stimulate the emotional response.  In turn, the music being played gradually takes athlete’s focus away from the pain. With the help of music, athletes’ emotional engagement helps reduce pain in various ways. The upbeat tempo type of music gets the heart racing along with the adrenaline causing the body to feel little to no pain at all. An experiment was created to test the effects of music on people.  Maintaining good arousal control also plays a huge factor.  Levels of arousal are an individuals physiological state.  When certain pieces of music affect an individual, it is known as the external factor.  Different athletes external factor plays different roles in their game.  Some love the intensity and excitement, while others like the opposite.  In this article, it talks about how much of an effect music has.  It is such an empowering tool, annalists has compared it to performance enhancing drugs.

Music versus mind would be an extraordinary war, although in this case music would win.  When one manages stress the correct way its leads to a more healthy lifestyle leading to longer life expectancy.    Music has very powerful effects on the mind.    Music can be very useful as descried in the Effects of Music on Performance book.  Athletes have been craving prior to an athletic performance for many years.  It can be helpful in many ways.  Such as motivating, calming, or pumping up their self. In the article excerpt below, it goes into depth on how different aspects of the music’s affect athletes:

Scholarly Article

The research on music and athletic performance

The first study we’ll look at is representative of many of the basic studies on the issue of music and performance.

A 2003 paper by Atkinson, Wilson, and Eubank looked at how sixteen physically active subjects responded when listening to fast-paced electronic dance music over the course of a simulated 10km cycling time trial on a stationary bicycle.1 A trial with no music was conducted as a control.

The outcome showed that when listening to the fast-paced (142 beats per minute) music, the subjects cycled significantly faster for the overall distance, but interestingly, the difference came chiefly in the first few km and over the final km—the riders’ splits from 5km to 9km were nearly identical. The riders also perceived that they were riding slightly harder throughout the time trial while listening to music.

Music tempo and loudness

As you might suspect, there are so many factors to take into account when considering how music affects performance that scientists have a hard time comparing studies directly. Music can be fast, slow, loud, quiet, or anywhere in between. To help clear up some of the confusion, Judy Edworthy and Hannah Waring at the University of Plymouth in the UK authored a 2006 study on the effects of music tempo and loudness.

Using two variables, music tempo and music volume, Edworthy and Waring tested 30 “physically active” participants in five conditions (loud/fast, loud/slow, quiet/fast, quiet/slow, and no music) at a self-selected pace for 10min on a treadmill.

The results showed that both loudness and tempo boosted the participants’ speeds and heart rates in a predictable manner. Louder and faster music resulted in the subjects selecting a faster treadmill pace than slower and quieter music.

Is it the music itself or the motivation?

To date, all indicators point to the performance-boosting effects of music being a result of increased motivation. It should come as no surprise to any experienced runner that motivation plays a big role in performance: it’s a lot easier to turn out quarter-mile repeats when it’s sunny and you’ve got a group of training partners than when it’s rainy, cold, windy, and you’re alone.

This was pointed out by Kenny and Kristal Brooks at Louisiana Tech University in a 2010 review article. The benefits of fast-paced music have been demonstrated by several studies, but they all have similar setups: relatively inexperienced subjects, exercising alone in a laboratory, on either a treadmill or a stationary bicycle.

The music world also consists of many types that are appealing to athletes.  Two main categories athletes are attracted to are a calming vibe or a hype and exciting vibe.  A calming vibe would consist of a song such as:

A hype and exciting song would consist of:

Choosing a music play is not always the easiest thing to do according to Australian researchers.  Every athlete has came upon this difficulty.  Now days their are online radio apps.  The radio apps such as 8tracks which

has options that chooses a play list for you, according to the mood one may be in, also its free. They claim it has been proven that song titles have helped some athletes look at the “Brighter side of Life.”

According to this tweet, music is just as important as anything else.  It’s something they must have in order to give a great effort.  I believe the newer or younger athletes are better than the older generation because the older generation did not have music to vibe to.  To some elderly people music may seem as a want rather to a younger athlete that may strongly believe it is a need.  Here is a list of athletes that also listen to music prior to an athletic performance:

Other Athletes into Music

Interview with Soccer Player Shannon Jones

Interviewing to get others people perspective is a great way to get facts about a subject.  Shannon Jones of Virginia Beach, VA is being interviewed in the recording.  She is being asked a few various questions to see how music affects her and her performance.  She is a very successful player and music has been part of her pre-game ritual for many years.

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Like everyone else, people have down days and up days.  Even so often does citizens deal with stress, which can have a major impact on a player’s performance.  Some seek psychological help, but in reality music can do the trick.  Depending on the type of music your mind is seeking determines what genre you will select.  Some people even listen to music while their studying to help sooth their mind.  R&B artists such as Trey Songs or Chris Brown can sooth a mind while up tempo artists such as Gucci Mane or Meek Mill arouse the mind.  Dwyane Wade has been in the league many years and has found much success.  Music has always been there for him keeping him in a positive attitude and mood to be king of the court.

Pod Cast

Cites

“2 More Weeks: The NBA Stands To Lose More Games | TOUCH 106.1 FM.” TOUCH 1061 FM. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

“Book Suggests That Music Has the Same Effect as Performance Enhancing Sports Drugs.” NME.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.

“Does Music Help You Run Faster? A Look at the Scientific Research.” : Runners Connect. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

“Dwyane Wade’s NBA Tip-Off Music Playlist – The NOC.” YouTube. YouTube, 27 Oct. 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

“Matador Network.” Matador Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.

“Phil Collins – In The Air Tonight (Official Video).” YouTube. YouTube, 11 May 2010. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.

“Play Me Some …” 8tracks. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2013.

“Survivor – Eye Of The Tiger.” YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2013.

Xtreme Serenity. “How Music Therapy is Helping Athletes, Active-types and other people on the go.” 25 Nov 2013, 1:51 p.m. Tweet.

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